Strengthening Justice And Accountability in Nigeria Through Capacity Building
Nigeria has been suffering from violent conflict between Boko Haram and the government forces for many years (Wayamo’s background report on accountability efforts for international crimes in Nigeria). In 2010, the International Criminal Court (ICC) commenced a preliminary examination into the situation in Nigeria, looking at allegations of crimes against humanity and war crimes committed by both Boko Haram and the Nigerian security forces. Its preliminary examination, which concluded in 2020, focused on the existence and genuineness of Nigerian national proceedings relating to these crimes. This is in line with the principle of complementarity, whereby the Court will only investigate serious crimes or prosecute an individual where the state concerned is unwilling or unable to do so itself. The next step could be for the ICC Prosecutor to request authorisation from the Pretrial Chamber to open a formal investigation into the situation in Nigeria.